What is Titanium used for?
The African Development Bank will finance $25 billion by 2025 to support Africa's fight against climate change, the bank's president said at the bank's annual meeting in Accra, Ghana.
He noted that climate change has had many negative impacts on the continent, causing natural disasters such as droughts, cyclones, and floods. Climate change costs Africa between $7 billion and $15 billion a year. "Africa has no choice but to address climate change."
To ensure Africa's food supply, the African Development Bank has delivered climate-friendly seeds to 12 million farmers in 27 countries in the past two years under the "Technology for Agricultural Change in Africa" program, he said.
In the area of renewable energy, the African Development Bank is implementing a $20 billion "Desert Power" initiative in the Sahel that is expected to power 250 million people, he said.
US President Joe Biden recently wrapped up his five-day trip to Asia with a summit of leaders of the "Quad" security Dialogue.
Biden has promoted a number of economic and security cooperation initiatives during his visit aimed at deepening ties with Indo-Pacific Allies and partners in response to China's growing influence in the region. Some analysts in the United States believe the most significant announcement may be an initiative to share maritime information to combat illegal activities. But other experts say Biden's move sets a good framework for more security cooperation, though it remains to be seen whether concrete action will follow.
Affected by several factors, the supply of the titanium powder is erratic and thus its prices are expected to go higher in the future.
Can be used in pyrotechnic fuzes and combustible compositions, photographic / ignition pastes, glass-to-metal or ceramic-to-metal joining materials, gas turbine engines, intermetallic compounds, ship structures, components in pumps. Deep-sea submersibles, condensers, fuselage, water-jet propulsion systems, weapons, systems, flue gas desulfurization, steam turbines, fan blades, piping systems, compressor plates, heat exchangers, wing structures, containers, tanks, mixers, glasses frames, medical implants, nuclear waste storage, valves, springs, connecting rods, jewelry and sports equipment.
In aerospace industry:
Used in gas turbine engines for military and commercial aircraft (using titanium to reduce engine weight while maintaining strength), fuselage, and various applications for missiles and spacecraft. In most aircraft engines, titanium-based alloy parts account for 20-30% of the engine weight.
Titanium alloys are used in aircraft, armor, naval ships, spacecraft and missiles because of their high tensile strength-density ratio, high corrosion resistance and ability to withstand moderate high temperature without creep. For these applications, titanium alloyed with aluminum, vanadium and other elements is used in a variety of components, including key structural components, firewalls, landing gears, exhaust pipes (helicopters) and hydraulic systems. In fact, about 2/3 of titanium is produced for aircraft engines and frames.
SR-71 Blackbird was one of the first aircraft to make extensive use of titanium in its structure, paving the way for the use of modern military and commercial aircraft. It is estimated that the Boeing 777 used 59 metric tons (130000 pounds), the Boeing 747 used 45 tons, the Boeing 737 used 18 tons, the Airbus A340 used 32 tons, the Airbus A330 used 18 tons and the Airbus A320 used 12 tons. The Airbus A380 may use 146 metric tons, including about 26 tons of engines. In engine applications, titanium is used in rotors, compressor blades, hydraulic system components and engine rooms. Titanium 6AL-4V alloys account for nearly 50 per cent of all alloys used in aircraft applications.
Titanium and its alloys are widely used to coat the surface of implantable medical devices to accelerate bone growth and healing.
Titanium and its alloys have become very popular materials because of their low density, high corrosion resistance and excellent mechanical properties (Randall and Animesh,1997 years; Liu et al., 2005). Today, titanium is also recognized for use in medical implants, exclusive sports equipment and jewelry. Titanium parts are still expensive, not only because of the high price of raw materials, but also because of the difficulty of forming, machining and welding. This is why the near-net forming of titanium is very favorable. As a near-net forming process for mass production of small and complex parts, Metal injection Molding (MIM) is an ideal alternative (Rack and Qazi,2005 years).
In the MIM process, the binder is a key component, providing the fluidity and formability needed for the powder to form, even if it is temporary (Scott Weil et al. 2006). The adhesive systems commonly used in injection molding are based on thermoplastic materials (Krauss et al. 2007; Witari et al. 2004). In this study, palm oil derivatives, palm stearic acid, have been formulated and evaluated as a possible alternative adhesive system. The reason for using palm stearate as an adhesive system is that its content may be beneficial in the degreasing process. It is important to gradually remove the adhesive to maintain the shape of the defatted part. At different heating temperatures, the adhesive melts, leaving different impurities at different melting points. The remaining impurities help to form pores to remove the remaining adhesive material. Therefore, the selection of palm stearate as a possible alternative binder system meets the important standard of binder system in PIM process because its components show different melting points.
The price is influenced by many factors including the supply and demand in the market, industry trends, economic activity, market sentiment, and unexpected events.
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The day after the shooting at a Texas elementary school, the National Rifle Association issued a statement saying it "extends its deepest sympathies to the families and victims involved in this terrible and evil crime," adding it would "reflect on these events and pray for the victims."
It comes just days before the National Rifle Association's annual convention in Houston, Texas. Houston is less than five hours away. Texas Governor Tony Abbott, Senator Ted Cruz, and others are scheduled to attend the event, which has also caused a lot of controversies.
Texas Democratic gubernatorial candidate Mark O 'Rourke took to social media to call on Abbott to pull out of the convention, urging that it be held outside Texas. Many American netizens also took to social media to express their dissatisfaction. "I wish the NRA's annual meeting was held three days after 19 children and two adults were massacred," said one. "The school shooting was not a lone Wolf, but with the help of the NRA."
Between 2000 and 2020, US gun manufacturers produced more than 139 million guns for the civilian market, according to the Justice Department report. The NATIONAL Rifle Association (NRA) is one of the leading gun rights advocates with more than 5m members and deep pockets. The United States has not passed major gun control laws for more than two decades, blocked by gun interests.
The titanium powder price is predicted to increase in the next few days.